02 September

1666 : Great Fire of London


On September 2, 1666, the house of King Charles II of England's baker burned completely. The baker did not extinguish his oven properly before going to bed, the night before. The fire spread to the entire city. At that time, most of the houses of London were made of wood and many warehouses along the Thames were full of flammable materials. 80% of the city were destroyed. St Paul's Cathedral went up in smoke. 100,000 people were left homeless.

1945 : Japan formally surrendered to the Allies


On September 2, 1945, Japan surrendered to the Allies on the USS Missouri, ending the Second World War. The Instrument of Surrender was signed by the supreme commander of Allied forces in the Pacific, General MacArthur, the Japanese foreign minister, Mamoru Shigemitsu, the representative of the Japanese armed forces, General Yoshijiro Umezu and various representatives of the Allies with interests in the Pacific : USA (represented by Admiral Nimitz), United Kingdom, France (represented by General Leclerc), China, Soviet Union, New Zealand, Netherlands, Australia and Canada.

1945 : Proclamation of Independence of Vietnam


On September 2, 1945, hours after the official surrender of Japan, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam against France, in front of an enthusiastic crowd in Hanoi. The French occupied southern Vietnam and opened negotiations with North Vietnam representatives. Negotiations were well under way when French generals, among whom Valluy and Argenlieu, decided on a coup by bombing the port of Haiphong, on November 28, 1946.

1973 : Death of J.R.R. Tolkien


On September 2, 1973, the English writer J.R.R. Tolkien died at the age of 81. His novels The Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings trilogy are part of world culture. Lord of the Rings was made ​​into a film by director Peter Jackson from New Zealand with Elijah Wood, Sean Astin, Viggo Mortensen, Ian McKellen, John Rhys-Davies, Orlando Bloom, Liv Tyler and Dominic Monaghan in the lead roles. The same Peter Jackson began the staging of The Hobbit in 2011.

: 02 September

National Day in Vietnam
September 2 is Vietnam's National Day which commemorates the declaration of independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam by Ho Chi Minh on September 2nd, 1945.

: 02 September

Ho Chi Minh
You can kill ten of our men for every one we kill of yours. But even at those odds, you will lose and we will win.

: 02 September

Wilhelm Ostwald, German chemist, Nobel laureate (1853)
Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel Laureate (1877)
Romare Bearden, American painter (1911)
Ren Thom, French mathematician (1923)
Henri Krasucki, French trade unionist (1924)
Daniel arap Moi, 2nd President of Kenya (1924)
Victor Spinetti, Welsh actor (1929)
Giuliano Gemma, Italian actor (1938)
Jack Lang, French politician (1939)
Walt Simonson, American comic book writer (1946)
Mark Harmon, American actor (1951)
Jimmy Connors, American tennis player (1952)
Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan military and spiritual leader (1953)
Dominique Farrugia, French comedian (1962)
Keanu Reeves, Canadian actor (1964)
Olivier Panis, French racing driver (1966)
Salma Hayek, Mexican actress (1966)
Andreas Mller, German footballer (1967)
Tom Steels, Belgian cyclist (1971)
Shauna Sand, American actress (1971)
Kjetil Andr Aamodt, Norwegian skier (1971)
Matthew Dunn, Australian swimmer (1973)
Inari Vachs, American porn actress (1974)
Joey Barton, English footballer (1982)
Jack Peate, English musicien (1984)
Scott Moir, Canadian ice dancer (1987)
Alexandre Pato, Brazilian footballer (1989)

Ils nous ont quitt un 02 September

Jiaqing, Emperor of China (1820)
Thomas Telford, Scottish engineer (1834)
William Hamilton, Irish mathematician (1865)
Henri Rousseau, French painter (1910)
Pierre de Coubertin, French historian, founder of the modern Olympic Games (1937)
Sylvanus Morley, American archaeologist (1948)
Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese politician (1969)
Marie-Pierre Koenig, French Marshal (1970)
J. R. R. Tolkien, English writer (1973)
Alfonso Garca Robles, Mexican diplomat, Nobel Peace prize (1991)
Barbara McClintock, American geneticist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1992)
Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon (2001)

: 02 September

Do their homework to our children


Homework can be an ongoing battle between parents and children.
Kids will find any excuse for delaying their homework : play outside, watch TV or surf the internet seem much more interesting to them. It is useless to fight with them to make them focus, it is better to try to make them understand that this is an everyday task like any other.
So we will begin to establish a daily routine for homework : identify a time for each day according to the schedule of everyone and stick to it.
We will also ask our children to write homework to do in a clear way and make sure they have everything they need at the time of their homework.
We need to find a quiet place for them to concentrate.
The best is their room, without TV and without younger children to disrupt. We must also avoid making noise in the adjoining rooms : it is best not to watch TV ourselves, tinkering or making noise in the kitchen.
Then we will give our children a guideline to help them to get away with their duties by talking with them about their preferences : start with this exercise, finish with this lesson ...
We must remain available for our children to help them but we must not do the homework for them. If we feel like doing homework, we can take classes ourselves.
When our children have long assignments or presentations, we can offer to split them in small parts with a specific timetable for each of them in order to avoid stress.
It is best to avoid giving them material incentives : if you do your homework, you'll get an ice cream or you can watch TV longer ...
This makes them think that homework is a frustrating chore.
It is better to praise them when they take great care or finish their homework quickly. And the rewards can lead to a special outing when they have worked well for a while.

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Vue mer : crdit photo Aseed